The episodes are arranged by chapter: Revelation Ch. (Rev 4:9-11) – 9 And when the living creatures shall give glory and honor and thanks to him that sitteth on the throne, to him that liveth for ever and ever, 10 the four and twenty elders shall fall down before him that sitteth on the throne, and shall worship him that liveth for ever and ever, and shall cast their crowns before the throne, saying, 11 Worthy art thou, our Lord and our God, to receive the glory and the honor and the power: for thou didst create all things, and because of thy will they were, and were created. This reminds one of the “lion of the tribe of Judah” (Rev 5:5), who, of course, is Jesus, who is King of kings. This book is highly recommended to those wanting a better understanding of the Book of Revelation without an overly academic commentary. In other words, the details of the previous revelation were all grouped together, and now he is about to be introduced to a whole new series — although still connected to the other. It looks like a sheet of glass. Indeed, God will not only destroy this present earth, but also the heavens, and will create a New Heaven and a New Earth (Rev 21:1; 1 Pe 3:13). I highly commend this commentary.” – Fr. We’re to live with eternity in view, and this vision of Heaven and of God’s glory, helps us to keep our focus where it needs to be as we go through the difficulties of this life. In Christ there is no distinction between Jew and Gentile (Gal 3:28-29). Matthew Kauth. … This also serves as an encouragement to us as Christians, for no matter what trials and tribulations we may go through in this life, no matter what horrible things people may do to us, God is still on the throne. A Commentary on the Book of Revelation Pastor Galen L. Doughty Southside Christian Church August 2015 INTRODUCTION: This commentary is based upon my personal notes, reflections and study of the Book of Revelation. This is what Heaven is like, in contrast to what we have in this world. Polyvalent symbolism, in which symbols have more than one meaning, also is part of Revelation’s imagery. As I said in my introduction to chapters 4 thru 20, while I don’t believe we need an understanding of the OT to have an accurate understanding of Revelation, it does shed light on certain passages, and this is surely one of the most important places where it does that. This is an obvious reference to what’s described here in Exodus 19:7. . He is not bound by space or time. Although many contemporary Protestants believe that the Book of Revelation describes in detail the events that will unfold at the end of the world, this books is not to be interpreted as such. From the First Chapter. 1 David Chilton argues that the Book of Revelation was intended to be read at Christian worship in tandem with the prophecy of Ezekiel. 3 Responses to Brief Commentary on the Book of Revelation part two. Please read those passages and compare. The Woman and the Dragon. It’s rare, but there are times when the sea is perfectly still, not a single ripple anywhere. Though mighty and all-powerful, He is gentle (Matt 11:29), like a Shepherd among His sheep (Jn 10; 1 Pe 5:4; Rev 7:17). Contrary to determinists, God is not limited by man’s free will. 13 and, in the middle of them, one like a Son of man, dressed in a long robe tied at the waist with a belt of gold. This one sentence provides strong internal evidence (evidence in this book), and one of the strongest arguments that the Church is in view in the book of Revelation. These read the book only as history. 20 And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before you, that ye sin not. Not only do these four living creatures symbolize the glory of God, but they give glory to God in worship, continuously saying, “Holy, holy, holy, is the Lord God, the Almighty.” Over and over and over they attribute holiness to God. It’s an act of honor that recognizes that we are all accountable and subservient to Him. God has not only created the whole universe, but He is moving all things in our world according to a glorious plan. This marks a transition from what was shown to John before to what’s about to be shown to him next. "John to the seven churches which are in Asia" (Apocalypse 1:4). David Aune’s massive commentary on the book of Revelation is another that should be consulted by every serious student of Scripture. This pictures our deliverance from sin and the world through Christ. All around the throne of God are no doubt, A distinction is made between these four angelic beings and the rest of the angelic host. Thus there is no good reason to separate the Church from the events of the rest of what follows. Revelation 1, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary was originally compiled by priest and biblical scholar Rev. Furthermore, as a man, He completely fulfilled God’s will and all righteousness, doing for us what we are not able to do for ourselves (Matt 3:15; Ro 10:4; 2 Cor 5:21; Phil 3:9). But notice what Jesus says: “I have overcome the world.” I believe this picture is given to us (Rev 4:6) to remind us that no matter how bad things get for us in this world, no matter how bad the persecution and suffering, Jesus has already overcome the world, and it’s just a matter of time that we are forever in His presence. We must keep in mind that here in Exodus, it’s in the context of God’s people. This is very instructive to the rest of us, for it reveals that there are blessings and privileges set aside for those who walk faithfully before the Lord. Like the lion of the animal kingdom, eagles are majestic among birds. As a man, He died for our sins and rose from the dead, providing for our salvation. 4 Thou shalt not make unto thee a graven image, nor any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Prominent in the book of Revelation is false religion. The Punishment of Babylon and the Destruction of Pagan Nations (17:1–20:15) This commentary series is established on the presupposition that the theological character of the New Testament documents calls for exegesis that is sensitive to theological themes as well as to the details of the historical, linguistic, and textual context. The connection is obvious. The philosophy of history, or symbolic, view holds that the symbols in Revelation describe forces which are constantly at work in the world. Just as God spoke to Moses on behalf of the people, so God spoke to John on behalf of the Church. Just as Moses was instructed to address the children of Israel, so is John instructed to address the seven churches, which of course is an address to the whole Church (Rev 1:1-4). Is it merely a coincidence that it fits so well? Its meaning is positive, not fearful or terrifying to those who serve God. The Book of Revelation (also called the Apocalypse of John, Revelation to John or Revelation from Jesus Christ) is the final book of the New Testament, and consequently is also the final book of the Christian Bible.Its title is derived from the first word of the Koine Greek text: apokalypsis, meaning "unveiling" or "revelation. Like Moses, the Apostle John meets with God on behalf of the people of Christ. These things are directly connected to the seven churches. 6 and before the throne, as it were a sea of glass like unto crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and … Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets. I will provide discussion as we go along: (Ex 19:1) – 1 In the third month after the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. The only other clue to the author’s identity is that he states he received his visions while on the island of Patmos (Rev. www.easyenglish.bible. On the “throne” we have Almighty God, who reigns over the world, and over the whole universe. (Rev 4:7) – 7 And the first creature was like a lion, and the second creature like a calf, and the third creature had a face as of a man, and the fourth creature was like a flying eagle. We see the culmination of that plan in this book. I believe the number “twenty-four” represents the twelve tribes of Israel of the OT, and the twelve Apostles of the NT as representatives of God’s people from both eras. The hunger as well as the thirst of the spirit is to be satisfied (Matthew 5:6). Agape Bible Study, in depth Catholic Scripture Study of both the Old and New Testaments, catecism of the catholic church, bible study,commentaries, ancient catholic scholars, contemporay catholic scholars, biblical history, salvation history, fathers of the church. Revelation was written for people living in the time of its author, traditionally accepted as St. John the Apostle, … I believe this speaks volumes to how God viewed John and his walk as a follower of Christ. (Rev 4:2) – 2 Straightway I was in the Spirit: and behold, there was a throne set in heaven, and one sitting upon the throne; I believe the meaning of this is that John was not in Heaven physically, but was there by way of a vision. They’re fearless and ferocious. (Ex 19:14) – 14 And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their garments. We may not be able to understand every word or phrase or sentence in this book, but we can rest assured that not one word is wasted, that it all has meaning. Though Jesus is gentle as a calf, He is also like the lion and the eagle; He is fearless and swoop’s down upon His enemies, as seen in this book. To be more specific, the combination of the, This one sentence provides strong internal evidence (evidence in this book), and one of the strongest arguments that the Church is in view in the book of Revelation. 12 I turned round to see who was speaking to me, and when I turned I saw seven golden lamp-stands. We see here the twenty-four elders joining the four living creatures in the worship of God. (2) In the midst of the street of it . The Revelation of Jesus Christ: The Faithful Witness has been granted an imprimatur and can be purchased from our website shop.If you have a question or comment about this Bible study, click on the “ask us your … Likewise, John – as the Church’s representative – was in the presence of God, while the Church is down (on earth) and away from Heaven. Such thorough exegetical work lies at the heart of these volumes, which contain detailed verse-by-verse commentary preceded … Can you imagine being able to see Heaven as John did? The “full of eyes before and behind” (also vs. 8), suggests a 360 degree view and awareness. … (Ex 19:15) – 15 And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not near a woman. Father Stephen C. Doyle, O.F.M., provides a Catholic commentary in his book, Apocalypse: A Catholic Perspective on the Book of Revelation (Cincinnati: St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2005). The former heaven and the former earth had passed away, and the sea was no more. Given that this reveals such a, As Peter revealed, all believers – Jew and Gentile – are, The parallel between Rev 4 and here in Exodus continues with the mention of the sounding of the, The allusion to Rev 4 continues with the mention of the, In the book of Revelation, especially as we seen in Rev 4 and 5, we, Again, both Peter and John refers to believers as, Here we see that it was Moses (and Aaron) that went up to God, but the people did, Prominent in the book of Revelation is false religion. While God has not revealed how He carries out His plan for the world, He has revealed that He is completely separate from all sin and evil and darkness, and requires the same of us. Thankfully, we have the one true Church of Jesus Christ to interpret its dramatic signs and symbols. The superstitious marks of the cross had their beginning from the beast's name, since the number of the beast's name in the Revelation of St. John is by these Greek letters, Greek: chxs. (Ex 19:20) – 20 And Jehovah came down upon mount Sinai, to the top of the mount: and Jehovah called Moses to the top of the mount; and Moses went up. In other words, that it covers the entire Church age, that this book is not simply about the final years before the return of Christ. If we trust in Christ and live the life that He calls us to live then why worry about the future? Steve would passionately quote from the Bible, from classical literature, history books, and books by the Church Fathers such as, St. Augustine, St. Thomas Aquinas, Tertullian, and others. They soar high above and make their nests high above (Job 39:21; Pr 23:5; Jer 49:16; Ob 1:4). This is simply a call to John to come up to the very throne-room of God to behold His glory, and to be given a front row seat of the events of this book. The Slain under the Altar (Rev 6:9-11/Ez 6) 5. ... Scripture, Revelation Catholicism. Bishop Barron will be commenting on subjects from modern day culture. Tradition has considered this person to be John the Apostle, the son of Zebedee. At the end of the second century the Apocalypse was acknowledged by the h… Just as God revealed Himself to Israel, so does God reveal Himself to the world through His Son. In other words, it was the Holy Spirit who opened his eyes to this heavenly vision. Another part of a video series from Wordonfire.org. Israel continues as a spiritual nation in Him as the Church. Naturally, Catholic scholars have liked this view because the Catholic church and the pope could not be foretold in such a view. This tradition is attested to by Irenaeus (Against Heresies, V, 30) and Eusebius (Church History, IV). We offer Catholic high school religion textbooks, ministry … What a privilege! Ron why would God do no harm to oil and wine I know you said it creates a paradox but only the wealthy would benefit from that order wouldn’t that mean that yet again the poor will suffer more from the brunt of this punishment on humanity I thought it would be an equal … For Christians living mediocre Christian lives, the opportunity to see God dealing with them in such a manner is not normally available to them — for we experience God on the level in which we seek Him. The Book of Revelation G. K. Beale. It also symbolizes our reign with Christ as believers (Rev 5:10; Rev 20:4,6; Eph 2:4-6; Col 3:1-2) in this life. One Bible study guide has tallied at least 100 specific connections between the book and the liturgy. Just as Moses went up to God to receive His words to deliver to His people who are down below, so we see John going up to God to receive His words to deliver to His people who are still down below. The Church is the “kingdom of priests” and the “holy nation” of the New Testament in Christ. The episodes are arranged by chapter: Revelation Ch. They have a kingly and majestic way about them. The Book of Revelation (also called the Apocalypse of John, Revelation to John or Revelation from Jesus Christ) is the final book of the New Testament, and consequently is also the final book of the Christian Bible. I believe these “twenty-four elders” are high ranking angels, likely the highest ranking angels in God’s heavenly kingdom. It’s a total calm of the ocean. Here we see that it was Moses (and Aaron) that went up to God, but the people did not go up. The persecution of God’s people has continued throughout the history of the Church. The Book (Rev 5/Ez 2-3) 3. The Slain under the Altar (Rev 6:9-11/Ez 6) 5. Not that every faithful Christian will be blessed in extraordinary ways or to the same extent as some. (Ex 19:22) – 22 And let the priests also, that come near to Jehovah, sanctify themselves, lest Jehovah break forth upon them. Remove the chapter divisions, and chapter three goes right into chapter four. The idea that the Church will not go through the “great tribulation” is inconsistent. (Ex 19:18) – 18 And mount Sinai, the whole of it, smoked, because Jehovah descended upon it in fire; and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly. I simply mean that for those who walk in harmony with Christ, there is always the, “Come up here so that I can show you what must happen after these things.”, Up to this point, much has already been revealed to John, and now he is about to be shown much more. With those eyes they’re able to see and swoop down upon their prey. . (Ex 19:7) – 7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and set before them all these words which Jehovah commanded him. This book, from chapters six thru twenty, reveals the difficult times that Christians experience throughout the Church age (gospel era, Christian era). I highly commend this commentary. The Israel of the OT is a type of the Israel of the NT, which is the Church, the Kingdom of Christ. (Rev 4:4) – 4 And round about the throne were four and twenty thrones: and upon the thrones I saw four and twenty elders sitting, arrayed in white garments; and on their heads crowns of gold. I don’t believe it’s a coincidence that “elders” is mentioned in both Rev 4 and here. Here is a free audio commentary by Dr. Taylor Marshall on the Book of Revelation, line by line. You can write a book review and share your experiences. As a casual Catholic by upbringing, I was astonished at the depth and breadth of the argument. And there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God; “And out of the throne proceed lightnings and voices and thunders.”. Again, just as Moses “went up,” so did John “go up” (Rev 4;1). Thus the time of, As I said in my introduction to chapters 4 thru 20, while I don’t believe we need an understanding of the OT to have an accurate understanding of Revelation, it, It’s ironic that premillennialists use Rev 4:1 to support the idea that the Church is no longer in view from this point forward, when the imagery of Exodus 19 and 20 so clearly reveals the very, When I was in the Navy, I saw what a sea of glass looks like. Up to this point, much has already been revealed to John, and now he is about to be shown much more. The file will be sent to your Kindle account. Chapters four and five form a unit, and should be regarded as one chapter. (Ex 20:1-2) – 1 And God spake all these words, saying, 2 I am Jehovah thy God, who brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Thus, the book accurately predicts events throughout time. I believe the mention of the “rainbow” also points to the promise that God made not to ever again destroy the earth with a great flood (Gen 9:11-17). Persecution and suffering are themes of the seven churches that Jesus addressed in chapters two and three, and this vision of Heaven serves to comfort and encourage Christians in the midst of it. The “crowns of gold” on their heads symbolizes their high ranking authority under God. From this point forward, the focus will be on events associated with it. Agape Bible Study, in depth Catholic Scripture Study of both the Old and New Testaments, … The “house of Jacob” (Israel), the “children of Israel,” have their fulfillment in Christ and the Church, as the Apostle Peter makes clear in 1 Peter 2:4-10. 25 So Moses went down unto the people, and told them. The mention of a “trumpet” prepares us for a grand announcement of some sort. To be more specific, the combination of the two groups of twelve is symbolic of the whole Church (assembly, congregation) in Christ. What an honor that was! 13 and, in the middle of them, one like a Son of man, dressed in a long robe tied at the waist with a belt of gold.. 14 His head and his hair were white … THE BOOK OF REVELATION The Apocalypse, or Revelation to John, the last book of the Bible, is one of the most difficult to understand because it abounds in unfamiliar and extravagant symbolism, which at best appears unusual to the modern reader. “The children of Israel” today are the people of God in Christ — the New Israel. Cory, Catherine A.The Book of Revelation. This is another allusion to what we see in the book of Revelation. Being “arrayed in white garments,” symbolizes the sinless purity of these angels. The Woman in Revelation 12 is part of the fusion imagery/polyvalent symbolism that is found in the book. Introduction. —Fr. It’s ironic that premillennialists use Rev 4:1 to support the idea that the Church is no longer in view from this point forward, when the imagery of Exodus 19 and 20 so clearly reveals the very opposite. The entire theology of the book of Revelation consists in an inspired poem about the Son of God. Someday all the hardships of this life will be behind us, and all those who oppose us as followers of Christ, will answer to Him — not as Savior, but as Judge. Their time of “victory” is in this life, and of short duration. The book of Revelation, quipped Ambrose Bierce, is "a famous book in which St. John the Divine concealed all that he knew. Scripture, Revelation. . 17:9) and seven kings (17:10). A Testimony of Jesus Christ is a commentary that explains some of the mysteries of Revelation. Their time of “victory” is in. (Ex 19:8-11) – 8 And all the people answered together, and said, All that Jehovah hath spoken we will do. And Moses reported the words of the people unto Jehovah. . As Moses was instructed to “charge the people,” so was John instructed to charge the Church as seen in Christ’s address to the seven churches. Catholic church and the pope could not be foretold in such a view. Part of the Liguori Catholic Bible Study , a series of 21 books introducing each book of the Bible, providing insight into the sacred words of antiquity and inviting you to discover the living Word and its impact on our daily lives. If the description of Rev 4:1-5 is not a direct allusion to Exodus 19 and 20, what then? And the one seated on it was like jasper and carnelian in appearance, and a rainbow looking like it was made of emerald encircled the throne. The Book of Revelation in the Bible is one of the more difficult books of the Bible to understand. They also “cast their crowns before the throne.” A crown represents authority, and here we see the twenty-four elders casting their crowns of authority (Rev 4:4) before the One who has all authority. But from tradition we know that the Seer of the Apocalypse was John the Apostle the son of Zebedee, the Beloved Disciple of Jesus. This revelation of God and of Heaven continues in chapter 5. Together they form true Israel in Christ of the New Covenant. Again, this is meant to bring comfort and encouragement to the members of Christ’s Church. This is the very throne of God, which refers to His sovereign rule over the universe. A lion is “mightiest among beasts” (Pr 28:1) and doesn’t back down from anything (Pr 30:30). Whatever persecution and suffering that is inflicted upon God’s people by unbelievers, they will give an account of it. (Ex 20:18) – 18 And all the people perceived the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the voice of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they trembled, and stood afar off. King Robert the Bruce says: 13 July 2020 at 2:44 pm. The file will be sent to your email address. (Rev 4:6) – 6 and before the throne, as it were a sea of glass like unto crystal; and in the midst of the throne, and round about the throne, four living creatures full of eyes before and behind. Established as a major Catholic book publisher and still owned by the United States Province of the Congregation of Holy Cross, Ave Maria Press is home to Sorin Books, Forest of Peace, and Christian Classics. Faith. The actual events of Revelation begin in chapter six. They seem to presume too much! But John, too, makes that clear when he referred to us as “a kingdom, to be priests unto his God and Father” (Rev 1:6; 5:10). Fourteen Recent Commentaries: Resseguie, James L.The Revelation of John: A Narrative Commentary.Grand Rapids: Baker Academic, 2009. We’re to interpret God’s sovereignty according to His holy character, not the other way around. Time of “ victory ” is mentioned in both Rev 4 and this chapter in Exodus continues ’... 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